Zachary Seguin

PSCI Courses

PSCI 100 – Introduction to Government

The comparative study of ideas, institutions, and interests central to politics and key policy issues in Canada and elsewhere.

PSCI 101 – Introduction to Political Ideas

In this course, students are introduced to a number of concepts which have a bearing on how we respond to our political environment, including liberalism, conservatism, Marxism, feminism, equality, liberty, rights and justice. Some of the constraints that affect the application of these concepts to public policy are also examined.

PSCI 110 – Introduction to Politics in the Contemporary World

An examination of political systems and behaviors across the contemporary world. Themes and topics may include the nature and function of the state; institutions of democracy and authoritarianism; processes of economic development; the legacy of colonialism; political parties; values/ideologies; and finally, the intensifying impact of globalization on politics of the contemporary world.

PSCI 150 – Introduction to Global Politics

An introduction to the contemporary political factors underlying the distribution and governance of wealth and power across the globe.

PSCI 190 – Special Studies

From time to time, courses of special study may be added to the program at the first-year level.

PSCI 200 – Political Science Nuts and Bolts

Students of politics seek to explain the 'who, what, where, when, and why' of the uses of political power. Theories and methods essential to the craft of political research will be examined, providing opportunities to practice basic skills to enhance the study of politics.

PSCI 214 – Quantitative Analysis

An introduction to the use of quantitative methods in Political Science. Only a rudimentary understanding of mathematics is required.

PSCI 225 – Classics in Political Thought

Traces the development of political philosophy through an examination of Ancient Greek plays (e.g., Antigone, Medea) and foundational political texts (Plato, Aristotle) that set the stage for modern political thought (Machiavelli and after).

PSCI 226 – Modern Political Thought

An examination of some of the most influential texts in Western political theory during the 1500s-1800s, with an emphasis on social contract theory (Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau), personal liberty (Mill), and institutional critiques (Marx). Themes of political obligation, equality, freedom, and justice run throughout.

PSCI 231 – Government and Business

An examination of government, business, and civil society relations with a focus on Canada in comparative context, including national and sub-national government policies relating to key debates in socio-economic development.

PSCI 244 – Irrational and Rational Choices in Politics

This course examines a wide range of apparently random, puzzling, or even irrational choices in political life. For example, why do powerful dictators allow independent legislatures and parties to exist? Why are frontlines of civil wars spared from violence? Why do the same people sometimes choose language to define their ethnic identity, and choose religion at other times? This course provides a unified explanation for these diverse puzzles using a simple framework of rational choices by individuals to further their self-interests.

PSCI 250 – The Comparative Politics of State and Nation

This core comparative politics course assesses various approaches in the study of politics within states. The emphasis is on political developments, institutions, and processes in various countries in the global South and advanced industrial worlds.

PSCI 252 – Global South

An introduction to politics of development. Topics may include colonialism, economic growth, democracy, population, gender, education, environmental issues, working children, and health.

PSCI 253 – Politics in Russia

A comparative examination of political processes, institutions, and reforms in Russia, with a focus on the successes and failures of democratization.

PSCI 254 – The Political Documentary

Political documentaries are examined from the standpoint of contemporary political thought and practice, as well as the role they play in the public sphere. A range of documentary films made by government agencies, professional filmmakers, and activists will be critically assessed.

PSCI 255 – Comparative Political Economy of Advanced Industrial Democracies

An introduction to the political economy of advanced industrial liberal democracies examining how the wealth of the "rich democracies" is made and how some is redistributed through democratic institutions by the actors who control these institutions.

PSCI 257 – Introduction to the Modern Middle East

This course examines the modern political history of the Middle East, with an emphasis on international affairs. It examines the colonization of the Middle East, the rise of national self-determination and nation-states, enduring Arab-Israeli conflicts, the Cold War, and the impact of U.S. foreign policy in shaping the modern Middle East.

PSCI 259 – Government and Politics of Asia

A comparative perspective on the government and politics of Asia.

PSCI 260 – Canadian Government & Politics

An examination of Canada's federal system, parliamentary government, and national political processes, such as the party system, interest groups, the electoral system and voting behaviour.

PSCI 264 – American Government and Politics

An examination of the United States federal government and national political processes.

PSCI 281 – World Politics

Billions of people live together in various degrees of disharmony in the anarchy - 'an', without, 'archos', governor - of world politics. The course considers the what, where, when and why of the patterns of power, of peace and war, of cooperation and conflict about the globe.

PSCI 282 – Foreign Policy

An introduction to the study of a state's foreign policy as a two-level game played at the intersection of the domestic and international spheres.

PSCI 283 – International Political Economy

An introduction to the politics of the world economy with special reference to the politics of international trade, multinational corporations, international monetary relations, global finance, comparative capitalisms, and regional economic integration.

PSCI 291 – The Canadian Legal Process

A general introduction to the fundamental principles of the legal system in English-speaking Canada, from its common law origins to an overview of some of the broader substantive issues such as public vs. private law, the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, dispute resolution processes, the role of lawyers and judges, principles of Criminal, Tort and Family law, and methods of accessing the Canadian legal system.

PSCI 292 – Issues in Canadian Criminal Law

An analysis of rational legal principles and concepts applicable to current emotional criminal issues such as abortion, euthanasia, pornography, seat belts, marijuana, police power, civil rights, criminal trials, capital punishment, and prisons.

PSCI 299 – Political Science Beyond the Classroom

This course introduces students to experiential learning in political science. It develops writing, research, presentation, and interpersonal skills useful for connecting core concepts in political science to contemporary politics, policy, and governance.

PSCI 300 – Foundations of Political Economy

An examination of influential historical and contemporary works in the study of political economy. Core themes include the relationship between politics and business, states and markets, and power and wealth.

PSCI 302 – Local Government

An examination of the politics and administration of local government in Canada. Topics may include the relationship between municipalities and other levels of government, current governance challenges facing local officials, and the design and implementation of public policy within a complex local political environment.

PSCI 303 – Environmental Policy and Politics

This course provides an introduction to major historical and contemporary debates in Canadian environmental policy and politics in comparative context. It emphasizes the divergent policy interests and political strategies influencing environmental outcomes.

PSCI 314 – Quantitative Analysis

An introduction to the use of quantitative methods in Political Science. Only a rudimentary understanding of mathematics is required.

PSCI 315 – Research Design in Political Science

What makes political science political science? This course uses examples from various fields of political research to teach students fundamentals of research design in political science and contrasts these approaches with dominant approaches in other closely related disciplines.

PSCI 321 – Marxist Theory

A basic introduction to the political and social thought of Karl Marx from the early writings to Das Kapital.

PSCI 323 – Issues and Concepts in Contemporary Political Philosophy

This course analyses some of the central concepts and issues in contemporary political philosophy.

PSCI 324 – Issues in Contemporary Political Theory

Examines central questions and core texts in contemporary liberal democratic theory (20th century on), emphasizing freedom, equality, and theories of justice. Pluralism, individualism, rights and obligation are major themes. Theoretical analysis is grounded in current issues and problems such as poverty, racism, sexism, global inequalities, and environmental justice.

PSCI 331 – Public Administration

An introduction to the principles and practices of public administration including a consideration of the fit between various forms of bureaucratic organization and democratic political institutions in Canada.

PSCI 334 – Public Policy

An examination of the policy-making process in liberal democratic societies, and an evaluation of the tools employed by policy analysts to understand that process.

PSCI 350 – Political Economy of Development

A critical examination of development problems in the global South, with the focus on North-South relations. Topics include trade, investment, aid, industrialization, agribusiness, development assistance, education, health, and food production.

PSCI 350W – Theories of Justice (WLU)

PSCI 351 – Power Sharing in Divided Societies

Examination of conflict within societies and various ways in which conflict is eased or worsened through the sharing of power. Emphasis will be on pluralism, corporatism, consociationalism, and federalism.

PSCI 352 – Culture and Political Violence

An examination of structural, direct, and symbolic violence in everyday experiences as well as an exploration of ethnographic and cultural accounts of political violence 'from below'.

PSCI 353 – Politics in Russia

A comparative examination of political processes, institutions, and reforms in Russia, with a focus on the successes and failures of democratization.

PSCI 355 – Russia and its Neighbours

An examination of the consequences of the collapse of the Soviet Union that focuses on the evolving relationships between Russia and its neighbours. [Formerly: PSCI 355B]

PSCI 356 – Business and Politics of Japan

Examination of the dynamics of Japanese politics and administration, and of the emergence of Japan as a global competitor in the decades following World War II. Subjects include constitutional foundations, the activities of Japan Inc., and other forces behind the country's growing engagement in international affairs.

PSCI 357 – International Organizations

An introduction to the increasing role of international organizations in influencing contemporary world politics. This course surveys several international institutions with an emphasis on traditional and contemporary theories used to better understand their function and place in international governance.

PSCI 358 – Political Change in Greater China

An examination of the government and politics of Greater China, including mainland China, Taiwan, Hong Kong and Macau. Topics include their historical traditions, the transformation of political parties, state institutions, political leadership, the military, democracy movements, economic reforms and foreign relations.

PSCI 359 – Politics of South Asia

This course examines how international and domestic politics interact in South Asia. It covers bilateral relations within South Asia and the involvement of external powers such as United States and China. The course also delves into the challenge of political development shaped by class, ethnicity, religion, and gender.

PSCI 360 – Topics in Canadian Government and Politics

Topics vary from time to time: e.g. the federal system, parliamentary government to native self-government to ethnicity and multiculturalism.

PSCI 362 – Cultural Politics and Indigenous Practices

This course examines cultural questions and methodological issues that have arisen in the context of research conducted in indigenous communities. It examines questions of colonialism, power, and voice in the context of indigenous struggles with the nation-state and around the globe.

PSCI 363 – Canadian Constitutional Law

An introduction to the nature and basic principles of constitutional law. Explores constitutional conventions, the distribution of powers in the Canadian federalism, Aboriginal and treaty rights, and the Charter of Rights and Freedoms.

PSCI 364 – The Politics of Ethnicity in Canada

The course examines the politics of ethnicity and inter-ethnic relations in Canada. The course will focus on a range of subjects, including the Quebec question, the issue of native self-government, multiculturalism, and immigration to Canada.

PSCI 367 – Topics in American Government and Politics

An analysis of topics related to the American system of government and politics.

PSCI 368 – Russian Politics through Literature

Russian literature and politics often seem inseparable, and this course illustrates this phenomenon by employing twentieth-century Russian literature to examine Soviet society. Representative works by writers such as Zalygin, Rasputin, Grekova, and Aitmatov will shed light on Soviet agricultural, educational, religious, and environmental policies.

PSCI 369 – The Politics of Decolonization

This course examines the break-up of empires in the mid/late 20th century, and assesses how the colonial experience has shaped relations between and among former imperial polities to the present. Focus is given to questions of political identity in colonial and post-colonial societies, and how these identities shape current political challenges.

PSCI 370 – Women and Politics

An examination of patterns of women's participation in both Western and non-Western societies.

PSCI 370W – The Political Economy of Eastern Asia (WLU)

PSCI 373 – Political Parties, Elections, and Political Marketing

Examination of the role of political parties and electoral competition in established democracies. Focus is given to the practice of political marketing and its implications for democracy.

PSCI 375 – Transnational Migration

This survey of transnational migration in the contemporary moment examines the reasons people have migrated voluntarily (e.g., as migrant workers) and involuntarily (e.g., as refugees); and how international and domestic law and policies affect, enable, and/or criminalize the movements of people across state borders.

PSCI 381 – Foreign Policies of South Asian States

The course (1) defines the central issues in each country's foreign policy; (2) discusses the factors which shape the decision making processes; and (3) evaluates the impact of these policies on regional and international thinking.

PSCI 382 – Politics of Canadian Foreign Policy

An examination of issues and the foreign policy-making process in Canada. Special attention is paid to the domestic context of foreign policy.

PSCI 383 – Transatlantic Relations

This course studies the relations between the countries of Europe and North America. Drawing on examples from the historical and contemporary contexts, we discuss history, institutions, politics, security, trade and the environment.

PSCI 385 – Chinese Foreign Policy since 1949

This course examines the major elements and evolution of Chinese foreign policy since 1949 and China's external relations in the context of rising Chinese power.

PSCI 387 – Globalization

An examination of the relationship between globalization and changing forms of political authority, with particular attention to contemporary debates concerning the erosion of the territorial nation-state in world politics.

PSCI 389 – Global Governance

Global governance is governing beyond the state. An examination of diverse problems - global warming, international human rights, terrorism, property rights disputes, and health crises - which transcend borders and demand cooperative global solutions.

PSCI 390 – Special Studies

From time to time courses of special study may be added to the program at the third-year level.

PSCI 391 – Special Studies

From time to time courses of special study may be added to the program at the third-year level. Students wishing to take such courses should consult the Department's Undergraduate Officer.

PSCI 401 – Projects in Political Science

Research project guided by faculty for a student or small group of students. Consult the Undergraduate Advisor on available projects.

PSCI 402 – Politics of International Trade

An examination of the political underpinnings of international trade. The material discussed is both theoretical and applied with attention to interest groups and institutional arrangements, including intergovernmental organizations, important to trade policy.

PSCI 403 – Topics in Politics and Business

Examination of selected topics of current interest to faculty and students.

PSCI 404 – Globalization, International Business, and Development

Examines the impact of international business on development in the context of economic globalization. Explores contending perspectives on how international business practices have affected economic, social, and political development in host countries, home countries, and the world in general.

PSCI 405 – Chinese Political Economy

Introduction to the study of contemporary Chinese political economy. Explores various aspects of the deep economic, political, and social changes associated with China's transition from a command to a market economy since 1978.

PSCI 420 – Gender and Global Politics

Does looking at the world through the lens of gender change how we see the state, sovereignty, diplomacy, security, trade, migration, globalization, governance, and other foundational concepts in global politics? We review feminist theories of politics, with a particular focus on international relations and global governance; examine how gender shapes the roles and experiences of women and men in global politics; and discuss how to do feminist research.

PSCI 421 – Justice and Gender

Theories of justice are concerned with the distribution of the basic goods of society - money, power, status, leisure, and so on. The course considers how the gender system fares from the standpoint of liberal justice, and to what extent the promises of liberal justice can be used to overturn the unequal treatment of women.

PSCI 423 – Democratic Theory and Practice

An examination of the justification and limitations of democratic government, as well as more practical applications of democratic theory to the workplace, judicial review, legal obligations, etc. The focus will be on problems of democratic theory and practice.

PSCI 426 – Selected Subjects in Political Philosophy

A selective treatment of basic themes in political philosophy in the modern and pre-modern times.

PSCI 427 – Special Topics in Political Philosophy

A selective examination of basic problems in political philosophy in the modern and pre-modern periods.

PSCI 428 – The State and Economic Life

An examination of current debates and competing ideological traditions about the relationship between the state and economic life.

PSCI 429 – Genetics and Justice

The course is designed to explore the different challenges society faces as a consequence of human genetic research. This course examines key developments in the field of human genetics, and demonstrates why and how current theories of justice may require revision in light of these changes. Issues addressed include insurance and privacy, the therapy/enhancement distinction, the morality of inclusion, future generations, reproductive freedom and gene patents.

PSCI 431 – Canadian Public Policy

An examination of major trends in Canadian public policy in selected issue areas with a primary focus on the federal level.

PSCI 432 – Global Environmental Governance

Examination of the ways in which world society is striving to address environmental challenges by means of 'global governance' - that is, international organizations and institutions intended to deal with these challenges. The history of international environmental politics will be reviewed, specific organizations and other actors involved in global environmental governance will be examined and the management of particular global environmental challenges investigated.

PSCI 433 – Topics in Canadian Public Administration

Selected issues in public administration with particular reference to recent developments in Canada.

PSCI 434 – Comparative Public Administration

A comparative survey of public administration in both developed and developing areas. The focus is on the rise of the administrative state in a variety of cultural and political contexts.

PSCI 435 – Comparative Public Policy

An examination of explanatory theories of public policy and selected public policy issues in comparative perspective.

PSCI 438 – Comparative Public Policy

An examination of major trends in public policy in western industrialized countries with a focus on selected policy areas and issues such as the effects of globalization and regional integration.

PSCI 439 – Global Social Policy

This course examines three interrelated aspects of global social policy: the global social issues resulting from increased economic integration, the role of international governmental and non-governmental actors in fashioning cross-national responses to these issues, and the effects of global and regional economic and political integration on domestic social policy.

PSCI 450 – Politics of Authoritarianism

What is the difference between non-democracies like China, hybrid regimes like Russia, one-party states like Singapore, patrimonial and personalist states in Africa, or military dictatorships in Latin America? This course examines how political power is structured in authoritarian regimes and how it shapes the relationship between state and society.

PSCI 451 – Comparative Political Systems: Eastern Europe

A comparative examination of political institutions and processes in the states of Eastern Europe.

PSCI 452 – Comparative Political Parties

With a primary focus on advanced industrialized countries, this course examines the origin and function of parties, party organization, their social and economic basis, the party system and its evolution, radical left and right parties, and the decline or adaptation of parties.

PSCI 453 – Democracy and Development

A study of political democratization in Latin America, Asia, Africa, and the Middle East. The focus is on alternative interpretations of democracy, the roles of domestic and external actors, and the challenges of democratic consolidation.

PSCI 454 – Topics in Politics in the Global South

Advanced study of topics pertaining to politics and development.

PSCI 455 – Comparative Political Economy

Focusing especially on advanced industrialized countries, this course surveys the key topics in political economy including the influence of politics on social and economic policies in relation to welfare states, labour markets, training, corporate governance and technological innovation. The course also explores the social and economic consequences of politics such as poverty, inequality, growth and decline.

PSCI 456 – Ethnic Conflict and Conflict Resolution

This course examines the causes of ethnic conflict but focuses in particular on the strategies which states use to manage or resolve such conflicts. The review of state strategies is comprehensive in nature, and includes approaches which are morally unacceptable as well as approaches which many consider morally desirable.

PSCI 457 – Ethnic Conflict and Conflict Resolution II

A detailed examination of ethnic conflict resolution in a number of important case studies. The cases will vary depending on topicality.

PSCI 458 – Cultural Explanations of Politics

Critical assessments of selected explanations of political authority, political organization, political conflict and political violence in terms of cultural values.

PSCI 459 – Organized Crime and Politics

This course examines the relationships between organized crime and politics, focussing on how governments cope with transnational organized crime. Topics include the definitions of organized crime, triads and mafia, money laundering, drug trafficking, human smuggling, syndicate corruption, and terrorism.

PSCI 460 – The Cultural Politics of Israel/Palestine

The cultural politics of the Israel/Palestine conflict, with an emphasis on understanding the complex narratives of violence, peace, and human rights that circulate across the region, as well as among those in diaspora and exile. The course focuses on the everyday life of those affected by the violence.

PSCI 461 – Canadian National Politics

Selected aspects of Canadian national politics.

PSCI 462 – Government and Politics of Indigenous Peoples

An introduction to the history and development of government policy and regulations that have altered the political and social structures of aboriginal societies. We explore contemporary challenges to government policy and regulations, as reflected in the struggles for land, aboriginal rights, and self-government, as well as the development of a global identity.

PSCI 463 – Rights and Public Policy

An examination of the role that rights and rights discourse plays in public policy development and policy change. Examines Canadian public policy in relation to the Charter of Rights and Freedoms and human rights legislation, as well as cases in comparative context.

PSCI 472 – Women and Public Policy

An examination of public policy from the perspective of women's experiences and needs. The course reviews policy developments in Canada and elsewhere, and reflects on the significance of feminist approaches to public policy.

PSCI 479 – International Political Economy of Asia

Explores patterns of economic development in Asia at the national level as well as the political and economic implications of growing interdependence in the region.

PSCI 480 – China and Global Governance

This course examines China's activity in global governance across a number of major issue areas: security, economy, human rights, the environment, and social policy. It considers the evolution of China's relations with the international system, Chinese perspectives on globalization, and how China's involvement in global governance has shaped its domestic institutions.

PSCI 481 – Interstate War

An examination of research on the causes and consequences of interstate warfare.

PSCI 482 – Critical Security Studies

This course reviews critical analytical models for the study of security and covers a range of issues which might be considered non-traditional including environmental security, public safety, cyber security, and counter-terrorism.

PSCI 483 – Power Politics and World Order Studies

This theory course examines the evolution of the international system; the capacity of the system of states to cope with the demands on it; meanings of international and regional power and order. There is an emphasis on the international politics of regions.

PSCI 484 – Contemporary Strategies: Theories and Policies

The course examines strategic studies and their premises, the evolution of strategic thinking, the role of national policies of military power. Strategic concepts are studied with specific reference to military policies of regional powers.

PSCI 485 – Selected Topics in International Political Economy

Contemporary perspectives and issues in international political economy, with particular attention to advanced industrial countries. Topics include political/economic cooperation, the politics of trade, and the politics of adjustment.

PSCI 486 – Special Topics in International Diplomacy

This course will deal with contemporary perspectives and issues in diplomacy. Topics include public diplomacy, the use of technological innovation such as cyber-diplomacy, the widening of the definition of diplomats, multilateral diplomacy, and 'niche' diplomacy.

PSCI 487 – International Relations Theory

This course examines the major schools of international relations theory with attention paid to both positivist and post-positivist approaches.

PSCI 488 – Global Food and Agricultural Politics

This course examines the global food and agriculture system. Specific themes to be covered include political and governance issues related to the Green Revolution, global food corporations, agricultural trade liberalization, food aid, international agricultural assistance, the global agro-chemical industry, and agricultural bio-technology.

PSCI 489 – Global Food Systems

Examines the global nature of food systems from production to consumption, including both industrial and alternative models. Specific themes covered in the course include technological change in agriculture, corporate concentration, international agricultural trade, food aid, fair trade, and organic production in the Global North and South.

PSCI 490 – Special Subjects

From time to time courses of special study may be added to the program at the fourth-year level.

PSCI 491 – Special Subjects

From time to time courses of special study may be added to the program at the fourth-year level.

PSCI 492 – Special Subjects

From time to time courses of special study may be added to the program at the fourth-year level. Students wishing to add such courses should consult the Department's Undergraduate Officer.

PSCI 493 – Field Course

A combination of academic study and field experience in topics of political science.

PSCI 497A – Study Abroad Experience

While participating in a study abroad experience, students complete reflections on their experience and what they are learning.

PSCI 497B – Study Abroad Experience

After completing a study abroad experience, students complete a project that integrates what they learned while studying abroad with contemporary politics, policy, and governance. Students also participate in a seminar in which they complete assignments and share their experiences with other students.

PSCI 498A – Current Issues in Political Science

Students in this course attend talks or conferences, monitor the media, and do independent research to investigate how a broad concept in political science plays out in contemporary politics, policy, and governance. Students also participate in a seminar in which they complete assignments and share their experiences with other students.

PSCI 498B – Research Apprenticeship Experience

Research apprenticeship in which students assist a professor with a research project. Students also participate in a seminar in which they complete assignments, share their experiences with other students, and complete a final project related to their research apprenticeship.

PSCI 498C – Civic Engagement Experience

Students participate in a civic engagement experience and reflect on how concepts in political science help to illuminate it. Students also participate in a seminar in which they complete guided reflections, share their experiences with other students, and complete a final project related to their civic engagement experience.

PSCI 499A – Special Honours Essay

Honours Political Science students wishing to undertake a senior honours essay in their fourth year should consult the Department's Undergraduate Officer.

PSCI 499B – Special Honours Essay

Honours Political Science students wishing to undertake a senior honours essay in their fourth year should consult the Department's Undergraduate Officer.

PSCI 600 – Theories and Methods of Political Analysis

The course is a critical examination of different approaches to the study of political science. The seminar is intended to accomplish two goals: first, to foster a collegial atmosphere in which students pursue a common course of intensive study; and second, to expose students to the most recent theoretical developments in normative, empirical, analytical or historical approaches to political science.

PSCI 601 – Research Applications in Political Science

A research seminar focussing on how the methodologies employed by political scientists are used to study political processes and events. While topics will vary from year to year, the seminar will reflect recent trends in the literature of political science, and the ongoing research initiatives of departmental faculty.

PSCI 604 – Advanced Topics in Global Environmental Governance

This course examines the ways in which environmental challenges are being addressed by means of 'global governance' - that is, international organizations and institutions intended to deal with these environmental challenges. Concepts are investigated both to help analyze the relative strengths and weaknesses of existing structures and to suggest ways in which alternative forms of global governance might advance sustainability. Specific organizations and other actors presently active in global environmental governance are given particular attention, as is the management of selected global environmental challenges.

PSCI 606 – Governing Global Food and Agriculture Systems

This course examines the international rules and organizations that have emerged to govern the increasingly global system of food and agriculture. Specific themes to be covered include governance issues related to the rise of global food corporations, agricultural trade liberalization and the WTO, food aid distribution, international agricultural assistance, the global agro-chemical industry, and agricultural biotechnology.

PSCI 612 – Theories of Globalization

This course begins with examining discussions of the historical continuities and discontinuities in globalization, including the relationships between globalization, empires and imperialism. It then turns to focus on an interdisciplinary selection of theoretical writings on contemporary globalization. The course concludes with preliminary investigations of some particular topics in globalization studies: identity, gender and culture, structural adjustment and world economic institutions, global health, communal violence and gender, and resistance to globalization.

PSCI 613 – Directed Readings in Political Methodology

PSCI 614 – Global Business and Development

This course examines the impact of international business on development in the context of economic globalization. It explores contending perspectives on how international business, particularly multinational corporations, has affected the economic, social and political development in the host countries, the home countries, as well as the world in general.

PSCI 615 – Global Poverty

This course analyzes the extent and character of worldwide poverty today by adopting both a global and an historical perspective. The course examines the impact of industrialization and colonialism on poverty and the social and political economy of poverty in the contemporary world. The course examines the relationships between poverty and slums, poverty and underdevelopment, poverty and inequality, as well as poverty and hunger. The course considers various theories about causes of poverty and those public and private actions that seem most likely to reduce the extent of poverty.

PSCI 616 – Global Health Governance

Health policy-making is changing to reflect a need for more coordination among nation-states and a rising number of international non-governmental organizations, leading to a more polycentric form of global governance. It begins with a review of theoretical texts on globalization and global public policy that assist in understanding changes in scale for policy-making and for policy coordination. It then looks at the historical development of global institutions, including the World Health Organization. Finally, it examines case studies of global health policy making, noting how these actions interface with nation-states' sovereignty and autonomy, and with other sites of global authority.

PSCI 617 – Unconventional Diplomacy

This course stretches the definition of who are the actors that conduct the practice of diplomacy, where the sites of diplomacy are located, and what aims are privileged. Conventional diplomacy showcases state-centric activity with an emphasis on hierarchy, protocol, and closed negotiations. Unconventional diplomacy in contrast is open-ended with a focus on transparency, inclusiveness and the pursuit of global governance. The course begins with an overview of the pressures for change in diplomacy, and then moves to a detailed examination of specific areas where unconventional diplomacy has become prominent including think tank diplomacy, humanitarian diplomacy, 'pandemic' diplomacy, and celebrity diplomacy.

PSCI 618 – Non-State Actors in Global Governance

Non-state actors (NHOs, corporations, networks, etc.) play increasingly important roles in global governance, This course examines different theoretical arguments about their roles. Overarching questions include the extent to which they support or undermine states' purposes in global governance, what and how much they can contribute to global problem solving, and possible limits or critiques of their participation. It will draw on studies of non-state actors in many issue areas, venues, and parts of the world in an effort to understand what these have in common with each other, as well as possible lines of differentiation among them.

PSCI 619 – China and Global Governance

This course examines the evolution of Chinese involvement in global governance across different issue areas. We discuss Chinese perspectives on the existing governance mechanisms, and China's role in preserving or changing these mechanisms. We will also explore how China's involvement in global governance has shaped its domestic institutions.

PSCI 620 – Gender and Global Politics

Does looking at the world through the lens of gender change how we see the state, sovereignty, diplomacy, security, trade, migration, globalization, governance, and other foundational concepts in global politics? We review feminist theories of politics, with a particular focus on international relations and global governance; examine how gender shapes the roles and experiences of women and men in global politics; and discuss how to do feminist research.

PSCI 621 – Political Theory 1

Problems in classical and contemporary political theory.

PSCI 622 – Political Theory 2

Special topics in political theory.

PSCI 623 – Democratic Theory and Practice

An examination of the justification and limitations of democratic government, as well as more practical applications of democratic theory to the workplace, judicial review, legal obligations, etc. The focus will be on problems of democratic theory and practice.

PSCI 624 – Justice and Gender

Theories of justice are concerned with the distribution of the basic goods of society - money, power, status, leisure, and so on. One would expect that they would be of particular interest to feminist theory, which is also concerned with the distribution of these goods. This course will consider how the gender system fares from the standpoint of liberal justice, and to what extent the promises of liberal justice can be used to overturn the unequal treatment of women. The issues of equality and difference will also be explored.

PSCI 625 – Directed Readings in Political Theory

PSCI 626 – Normative Political Theory

An examination of how different political theorists use and understand key political concepts - such as equality, liberty, democracry, identity, and rights - to develop the ability to assess theories of justice from a libertarian, liberal, communitarian, democratic and feminist perspective. We will examine works of contemporary political theorists, including Rawls, Nozick, Cohen, Gutmann, Dworkin, Sandel, Okin and Young.

PSCI 629 – Genetics and Justice

New questions concerning justice follow advances in biological science, which brings us closer to a world where we have the ability to manipulate our genetic make-up. We examine how current theories of justice may require revision.

PSCI 630A – Public Administration and Policy 1

An in-depth analysis of selected theories of public administration and public policy (e.g.) organization, behaviour, motivation, responsibility, policy making and implementation.

PSCI 630B – Public Administration and Policy 2

A research seminar in public administration or policy problems growing out of the interests of the participants, especially the research interests of the faculty and students.

PSCI 631 – The State and Economic Life

An analytical and comparative study of the growth of government intervention in the economic process, and of the development of the welfare state in selected western liberal-democratic societies.

PSCI 632 – The Politics of Canadian Resource Development

An examination of various public policies designed to promote the exploitation and export of Canada's natural resources with an emphasis on the economic, political, social and environmental implications of these developmental strategies.

PSCI 633 – Canadian Public Policy

In this course, we examine some of the conceptual frameworks that have been used by policy analysts in the past, in order to assess the possibilities as well as the limitations of such frameworks. We then develop our own approaches to examining some recent policy developments in Canada, using the insights of the authors we have examined. We will examine federal economic policy, provincial health policy, and municipal zoning policies, in order to assess (among other factors) the relative significance of policy focus, the situation of the policy-makers in the political system and ideological preferences.

PSCI 634 – Comparative Public Administration

A comparative survey of public administration in both developed and developing areas. The focus is on the rise of the administrative state in a variety of cultural and political contexts, and on the study of general concepts which can then be applied in a variety of settings. Among the topics to be discussed are: comparison in the study of public administration; bureaucracy as a focus for comparison; the concept of the administrative state; the evolution of national administrative systems; the politics-administration interface and the senior civil service; bureaucracy and democracy; representative bureaucracy; bureaucratic ethics and morality; and the ombudsman and government secrecy.

PSCI 635 – Directed Readings in Public Policy and Administration

PSCI 636 – Crime and Politics

How do governments deal with transnational crime? Case studies illustrate the dynamic relationships between crime and politics in various countries. Topics include triads and mafia.

PSCI 639 – Global Social Governance

This course examines the prospects for the supranational governance of social issues including the political and philosophical underpinnings of transnational social policy cooperation as well as examining specific issue areas such as global health policy and cross-national migration.

PSCI 642 – Politics in Ontario

A critical examination of the distinctive elements of government and politics in the province of Ontario.

PSCI 643 – Directed Readings in Provincial and Local Politics

PSCI 650 – Approaches to the Study of Comparative Politics

This course focuses on some of the methodological and theoretical problems involved in the conduct of comparative political inquiry.

PSCI 651 – Democracy and Development

A study of political democratization in Latin America, Asia, Africa, and the Middle East. The focus is on the alternative interpretations of democracy, the roles of domestic and external actors, and the challenges of democratic consolidation.

PSCI 652 – Advanced Topics in Third World Politics and Development II

PSCI 653 – Comparative Political Systems: Eastern Europe

This course will provide a comparative survey of political processes in the states of Eastern Europe. It will begin with a brief introduction to the geopolitical significance of this area, the historical experience of the Eastern European states and their political development in this century. The course will then focus on the problems which the East European states now face in dealing with the legacy of the past: the dilemmas posed by political and economic reform and new patterns of social inequality; the nature of new political parties and the quality of political participation; the impact of growing nationalism; and new regional security arrangements.

PSCI 654 – Post-War Reconstruction and State Building

Rebuilding states in the aftermath of conflict and state failure represents one of the foremost challenges facing the international community. The post-Cold War era has shown that weak states represent as great a threat to international security and stability as strong ones. The transition from war to peace and state failure to stability in these states can be conceptualized as encompassing three separate but interrelated transitions, in the economic, political and security spheres. The course will deconstruct and analyze this triple transition, examine both its theoretical roots and practical application with reference to a number of recent case studies.

PSCI 655 – Ethnic Conflict and Conflict Resolution I

This course examines the causes of ethnic conflict but focuses in particular on the strategies which states use to manage or resolve such conflicts. The review of state strategies is comprehensive in nature, and includes approaches which are morally unacceptable as well as approaches which many consider morally desirable.

PSCI 656 – Ethnic Conflict and Conflict Resolution II

This course involves a detailed analysis of ethnic conflict and conflict resolution strategies in a number of important case-studies such as Bosnia, Canada, Israel/Palestine, Kossovo, Northern Ireland, S. Africa, the Soviet Successor States, and the United States. The class will examine why particular strategies were applied in particular settings, comment on the appropriateness of such strategies and, when relevant, explore alternatives. While the course is case-study based, a key focus will be the development of comparative political analysis, i.e., the construction of generalisable theories that allow the application of lessons learned in one setting to others.

PSCI 657 – International Organizations and Global Governance

This course serves as a survey of the international relations (IR) subfield of international organizations (IO) but focuses principally on formal, inter-governmental organizations (IGOs). We examine the growing literature on international organizations and discuss their impact on global governance, considering their formation, design, relevance, impact and agency. We apply this knowledge to the study of several highly institutionalized issue areas.

PSCI 658 – Human Rights in the Globalized World

The course is a study of international and local responses to human rights abuses in the contexts of economic globalization and proliferation of armed violence. It examines major debates on international human rights. It also deals with specific human rights situations in the developing/transitional countries. Topics include: universalism and cultural relativism, global economic justice, rights to food and health, women's and children's rights, the rights of displaced civilians, human rights and R2P, prospects for transitional justice.

PSCI 659 – Conflict and Conflict Resolution

A graduate level survey of theories of conflict resolution drawn from the international relations, comparative politics, and peace studies. Why do we have violent political conflict, and how can it be resolved? How and why do wars begin and end? This course focuses on political violence and conflict resolution between groups, including but not limited to states.

PSCI 661 – Canadian Politics 1

Selected aspects of Canadian national politics.

PSCI 662 – Canadian Politics 2

Selected aspects of Canadian provincial politics.

PSCI 663 – Directed Readings in Canadian Politics

PSCI 664 – Canada in the World: Foreign Policy

Studies of post 1945 Canadian foreign policy in comparative perspective.

PSCI 666 – Rights and Public Policy

An exploration of the role that rights and rights discourse plays in public policy development and policy change. Examines Canadian public policy in relation to the Charter of Rights and Freedoms and human rights legislation, as well as cases in comparative context.

PSCI 668 – The Politics of National Innovation Systems

This course examines the global effort to develop new economies built around the commercialization of science and technology. This class, while covering Canadian developments in some detail, examines the broad international, theoretical and conceptual questions surrounding national innovation strategies and implementations and considers the role of national cultures and political environments in promoting new economies.

PSCI 671 – Women and Public Policy

Public policy in a variety of areas significant for women (including sport, employment equity, violence) sometimes fails to take into account women's experiences and needs. In this course, we will review policy developments, and reflect on the significance of feminist perspectives for policy analysis. The course will focus on Canadian examples, with comparative material included where useful.

PSCI 673 – Directed Readings in Political Behaviour

PSCI 678 – Security Ontology-Theory

This is a seminar in the ontology of security. Security is a contested concept, and in this course we ask what it is and how best to pursue it. What do we mean by security? What are we trying to protect? From what? Why? How do we do it? We begin by considering the concept of security in the abstract, and we then proceed to explore various specific conceptions. Along the way we encounter both traditional and non-traditional approaches to security.

PSCI 679 – Security Governance: Actors, Institutions, and Issues

In this course we examine a range of "security" issues on the global agenda - both traditional and non-traditional - and examine recent and possible future institutional and policy responses. Issues examined include nuclear proliferation, terrorism, intrastate conflict, resource and territorial disputes, climate change, drugs, disease, and migration. Students will have an opportunity to research in depth a specific security issue of their choice.

PSCI 680 – Critical Security Studies

This course reviews critical analytical models for the study of security and covers a range of non-traditional issues including environmental security, public safety, cyber security, and counter-terrorism.

PSCI 681 – Power Politics and World Order Studies

This theory course examines the evolution of the international system; the capacity of the system of states to cope with the demands on it; meanings of international and regional power and order. There is an emphasis on the international politics of regions.

PSCI 682 – Contemporary Strategy: Theories and Policies

The course examines strategic studies and its premises, the evolution of strategic thinking, the role of national policy of military powers. Strategic concepts are studied with specific reference to military policies of regional powers. Choice of countries may vary each year but a minimum of five countries will be studied.

PSCI 683 – Topics in International Political Economy

Contemporary perspectives and issues in international political economy, with particular attention to advanced industrial countries. Topics include political/economic cooperation, the politics of trade, and the politics of adjustment.

PSCI 684 – Special Topics in International Diplomacy

Diplomacy and foreign policy are usually discussed as though they are synonymous. From a more nuanced perspective, diplomacy is about the set of instruments used in international affairs via techniques of representation, information, communication and negotiation. This course highlights the work of diplomats and the machinery of diplomacy.

PSCI 685 – Directed Readings in International Politics

PSCI 686 – Emerging Economies in Global Governance

Large developing countries like Brazil, Russia, India, and China stand at the centre of much of current international political economy. Their national development efforts profoundly shape their international participation and vice versa. This course will cover theoretical and conceptual debates about the roles of these "middle range" or "emerging" powers, then examine their national economies, before turning to see how they individually and collectively (with the other emerging powers) fit into current global governance.

PSCI 687 – Explaining Interstate War

An examination of explanation of interstate war found in classic texts and current empirical studies. (Heldwith PSCI 481).

PSCI 688 – Governance of Global Economy

A survey of the theoretical and public policy debates relating to regulation of the global economy, examined through case studies ranging from international banking an intellectual property rights, to labour and environmental standards and the control of illicit economic activity.

PSCI 689 – International Political Economy

Topics in international political economy-such as trade, finance, corporations, intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations, regionalism (EU, NAFTA/FTAA, and APEC)-with a focus on resistance and accommodation to the forces of "globalization".

PSCI 692 – Graduate Research Seminars