Zachary Seguin

PACS Courses

PACS 101 – Peace is Everybody's Business

This course explores ways in which individuals and groups from multiple sectors of society have contributed to peace by engaging conflict constructively and advancing social justice. Attention will be given to the diversity of peacemaking approaches, and to interpersonal and intergroup as well as international applications.

PACS 201 – Roots of Conflict, Violence, and Peace

An examination of influential theories about the sources and nature of conflict, violence, and peace. Contributions from the social sciences as well as the humanities will be explored, with attention to connections between interpersonal, intergroup, and international levels of analysis.

PACS 202 – Conflict Resolution

An examination of the resolution of conflicts, ranging from interpersonal to broader social and international conflicts. Students are introduced to negotiation, mediation, and nonviolent resistance, and are encouraged to develop their own theoretical understandings that aid in addressing conflict.

PACS 203 – A History of Peace Movements

A survey of individuals and groups that have created popular movements for peace globally and locally throughout history. The scope will be international, with a particular focus on the nineteenth- and twentieth-century movements. The choice of peace movements will allow for a contrast in comparison of ideology, strategy, and impact.

PACS 301 – Special Topics in Peace and Conflict Studies 1

A seminar course investigating special issues related to peace and conflict. Content may vary from year to year.

PACS 302 – Special Topics in Peace and Conflict Studies 2

A seminar course investigating special issues related to peace and conflict. Content may vary from year to year.

PACS 310 – Peace and the Environment

This course explores the natural environment as a potential source of both conflict and peacebuilding in local, national, and international contexts. In this course, we examine both the gravity of the global environmental crisis and the inspiration of the growing grassroots movement toward resilience and peaceful change.

PACS 311 – Doing Development: Issues of Justice and Peace

This course introduces a variety of theoretical and practical perspectives on international development. It examines current and alternative development programs in terms of their contribution to justice and/or peace at local, national, and global levels.

PACS 312 – Quest for Peace in Literature and Film

A study of works of literature and film which express a resistance to war. The course examines how the desire to articulate an anti-war position has engaged the artistic sensibilities and shaped the visions and modes of expression of selected writers and filmmakers.

PACS 313 – Community Conflict Resolution

An analysis of the growing use of mediation and other conflict resolution strategies in community conflicts, race relations, church disputes, and alternatives to the legal system. The course focuses on case studies with attention to both practical and theoretical issues.

PACS 314 – Conflict Resolution in the Schools

This course examines the potential for utilizing the principles of mediation and conflict resolution in school administration, curricula, teaching, classroom management, and school counselling.

PACS 315 – Engineering and Peace

This course is built on the conviction that the kinds of problems engineers seek to address, and the ways they seek to address them, should matter for anyone interested in advancing peace in the world. Topics include historical connections between the discipline of engineering and warfare, understanding the engineering method and mindset, and technological frontiers for peacebuilding.

PACS 316 – Violence, Non-violence, and War

An exploration of the traditional debates concerning the legitimacy of violence and war as instruments in the pursuit of personal and political goals. The course critically examines a continuum of views from religious doctrines of non-resistance, to various forms of pacifism and non-violent resistance, "just-war theory", and political realism. The strategic arguments for political non-violent action are also considered.

PACS 318 – Peacebuilding, Human Rights, and Civil Society

This course will examine the close causal connection between violations of human rights and violent conflict/war. It will also analyse the role of human rights and civil society principles in forging or consolidating peace. Course work will include case studies, assigned readings, class participation, and simulation exercises.

PACS 320 – Christian Approaches to Peacemaking

Current Christian approaches to peacemaking in areas of conflict: war and militarism, crime, poverty, racism, and gender relations. Attention will be given to various biblical, theological, and historical bases for these approaches.

PACS 321 – Gender in War and Peace

An examination of various themes in the history of peace and war using gender as a central category of analysis. Theoretical literature and international case studies will be used to explore how the discourse and enactment of war and peace are influenced by societal constructions of gender, both historically and in the present.

PACS 323 – Negotiation: Theories and Strategies

This course explores different ways of negotiating between people and groups with conflicting interests. You will learn the theory behind the strategies and develop practical negotiation skills you can put to use in your daily life at home, at work, and in the community.

PACS 324 – Human Rights, Peace, and Business

This course will explore the tension between the values of human security/human rights and traditional economic policy. The impact of this dynamic relationship on the well-being of individuals as well as on corporations and international economic institutions to promote peace and just development will also be analyzed.

PACS 325 – Conflict Management for Technical Professions

Like all professionals, persons engaged in technical professions are frequently confronted by conflict or by strong opposing interests that the professional must manage in order to accomplish his/her objective. This course will explore the types of conflicts that can arise in the technical professions and provide tools that will enable effective responses.

PACS 326 – Religion and Peacebuilding

This course investigates the roles of religion and spirituality in peacemaking, exploring both obstacles and opportunities facing religious peace builders. Cases involving representatives of major world religions (Christianity, Islam, Judaism, Hinduism, and Buddhism) will provide a basis for comparing practices of faith-based advocacy for social justice, reconciliation, and coexistence.

PACS 327 – Cultural Approaches to Conflict Resolution

Cultural differences enrich our world while also creating bases for disagreement and misunderstanding among individuals, social groups, and nations. This course explores the cultural dimensions of conflict and conflict resolution, shedding light on major patterns of human difference and their implications for contemporary peacebuilding practice.

PACS 328 – Fair Trade

This course examines the history, theory, and practice of fair trade and how it differs from traditional principles of international trade. It will specifically explore the impact that the fair trade movement has had on small scale producers, consumers, and more broadly on the global economic system.

PACS 329 – Restorative Justice

This course investigates the history, theory, principles, practices, and people of restorative justice. Content will centre particularly on restorative justice as a way of dealing with crime and interpersonal violence in the Canadian context.

PACS 330 – War and Peace in Christian Theology

Christian teachings on war and peace from the early church to the present, including crusade, just war, and pacifist traditions, focusing especially on the 20th century discussion around realism, just revolution, nuclear pacifism, and non-violent resistance.

PACS 331 – Trauma, Healing and Conflict Resolution

This course examines how the conflict resolution process can be impacted by trauma. With case examples from armed conflict to family violence, participants explore the emotional, physical, and relational aspects of conflict to better understand the potential for interventions that promote peace and justice. Studies include causes, types, and impacts of trauma; cycles of interpersonal and societal violence; frameworks for healing; and exploration of apology, reconciliation, revenge, and forgiveness.

PACS 332 – Ethics of Peacebuilding

This course will explore ethical challenges in peacebuilding. It will answer the questions: What are ethical problems in peacebuilding? How can we better understand and assess these problems? And, how can we improve our ability to support, or engage in, ethical peacebuilding practice?

PACS 333 – Advanced Mediation Practice

This course will give students both a thorough understanding of the mediation process and practical, hands-on mediation experience. Students will develop in-depth, first-hand knowledge and experience resolving conflicts through the role of the mediator as third party. The course will include a series of role-plays, readings, and case studies.

PACS 335 – Perspectives in Music and Peace

This course examines music's role in peace and conflict from a variety of perspectives through listening, reading, discussion, and using examples from around the world. Topics include the use of music in dissent and resistance, and as an instrument of propaganda, conflict, and peacebuilding.

PACS 390 – Internship

An internship allows students to engage in experiential learning with an organization that deals with peace and conflict issues, in either a Canadian or international context. The course integrates theory and practice, while facilitating the development of attitudes, strategies, skills, and knowledge that support work in a Peace and Conflict Studies-related setting. Students will identify an appropriate placement, read relevant texts, and submit a report reflecting on what the internship revealed about the integration of peace and conflict studies theory and practice.

PACS 391 – Conflict Resolution Skills

This course provides a framework for students to pursue conflict resolution skills training by completing intensive skills-building workshops in the Certificate Program in Conflict Management with additional academic work supervised by Peace and Conflict Studies faculty.

PACS 395 – Peace and Conflict Studies Travel Course

A travel seminar of approximately three weeks in length, taught on location, which will involve travel to a region that has experienced conflict. Student preparation, in the form of readings and/or written assignments, will be required prior to departure. Regular lectures and interaction with persons who have worked for peace will be scheduled. Hands-on examples merging theory with practice will be emphasized. Possible locations include the Middle East, Central/South America, Africa, Asia.

PACS 398 – Directed Readings in Peace and Conflict Studies

Students may arrange independent studies in the area of peace and conflict studies on problems of special interest.

PACS 399 – Directed Readings in Peace and Conflict Studies

Students may arrange independent studies in the area of peace and conflict studies on problems of special interest.

PACS 401 – Senior Research Seminar

Each student will work on an integrative research project and will meet regularly with other students and faculty for discussion.

PACS 402 – Senior Research Seminar

A continuation of PACS 401. Each student will work on an integrative research project or projects and will meet regularly with other students and faculty for discussion.

PACS 601 – Systems of Peace, Order, and Good Governance

This course analyzes the roles and responsibilities of civil society, the market, and the state as agents capable of creating just and humane structures. Case studies reveal how individual scan leverage collaboration among all sectors of society to advance positive systemic positive change.

PACS 602 – The Practice of Peace

This course examines the characteristics and skills of effective peace practitioners, with particular attention to ways in which disciplines of peacemaking can be cultivated by individuals and nurtured by communities. While investigating various roles of the third party, students will explore the practical responsibilities (or tasks) and functions of peace practitioners as well as the core values and qualities that may make them more effective interveners locally, nationally or globally. Students will be introduced to peace research methodologies, research ethics, risk management, as well as various forms of communication used in documentation, analysis, and advocacy.

PACS 603 – Building Civil Society

This course explores operational aspects of civil society organizations such as visionary leadership, goal setting, evaluation, report writing, financial management, applied research skills, and human resource management. Students will also examine codes of conduct and practice, including rules, laws and customary understandings that guide the work of civil society organizations. Students will research contending views of civil society organizations and their complex relationships with government and business, thereby developing a philosophical and ethical framework for evaluating civil society action.

PACS 604 – Conflict Analysis

This course examines theoretical and practical frameworks for understanding conflict, with particular attention to structures and dynamics inhibiting peace. The course provides students with some of the analytical skills needed to understand how conflicts develop and escalate, to identify factors that can lead to or sustain violence, and to map root causes of conflict (e.g., human rights violations, needs deprivation, cultural and religious differences, inequality, resource misuse and environmental degradation) at interpersonal, intergroup, and international levels.

PACS 605 – Conflict Transformation and Peacebuilding

This course explores the theoretical and practical foundations of various approaches to working with conflict to advance positive goals such as social equity and reconciliation. Attention will be given to a range of conflict resolution methods and practices (facilitation, negotiation, mediation, arbitration, adjudication) as well as to principles of restorative justice and dynamics of collective peacebuilding practice.

PACS 610 – Contemporary Nonviolent Movements

Through comparative case studies, this course examines contemporary nonviolent movements that illustrate pacifist and other nonviolent strategies for advancing social justice and other high-value political goals. Local, national and transnational campaigns that seek to shape the agenda for global change are examined alongside movements of more limited scope and ambition (e.g., national liberation movements, civil rights campaigns, struggles for democracy). Throughout, attention will be given to trends in practice and to debates concerning the effectiveness, ethical significance, and current relevance of nonviolent change methods.

PACS 611 – Reconciliation

This course uses case studies to analyze the complex issues of trauma, abuse, historical injustice and violence - and investigates approaches to healing, forgiveness and reconciliation (including memory, testimony, tribunals and reparation/atonement). The course explores theoretical and practical models for transforming relationships, including indigenous and non-formal mechanisms employed internationally, and teaches skills that are employed by effective agents of reconciliation.

PACS 612 – Culture, Religion, and Peacebuilding

This course explores cultural, religious and identity-based dimensions of conflict and conflict resolution, examining major patterns of human difference and their implications for contemporary peacebuilding practice. Case studies, simulations and role plays are used to expose students to the practical reality of building a common peace in the midst of diversity.

PACS 620 – Special Topics in Peace and Conflict Studies

A seminar course investigating special issues related to peace and conflict. Content may vary from year to year. Course may be repeated if course topic differs.

PACS 621 – Peace Research

This course requires completion of a research project that develops a student's capacity to do research for an applied objective. The research may be to support a grant proposal, document and contextualize a need or a human rights abuse, analyze what various agencies are doing in the face of common challenges, or write an advocacy brief to a government. Students are expected to demonstrate a high level of competence in research analysis and writing.

PACS 623 – Directed Reading in Peace and Conflict Studies

This reading course gives students space to study literature that explores the full theoretical and contemporary scope of readings pertaining to the Peace and Conflict Studies field. These readings will be in conjunction with coursework. Students must seek out the approval of a faculty member who is willing to supervise them and have the approval of the department chair. Students must write a topic proposal and outline of coursework prior to obtaining permission to enroll in the course.

PACS 625 – Internship

The internship allows students to engage in experiential learnig with a research institute, non-governmental organizaton or other agency/entity that deals with peace and conflict issues. Students are expected to read relevant texts before, during and after the field study, to engage in stubstantial research on th eissues addressed by the host agency/entity and to submit a report reflecting on what the field study/internship revealed about the integration of peace studies theory and practice. Field study placements may be either in Canada or international contexts. Departmental consent is required.

PACS 626 – Conflict Resolution Skills Training

This course provides a framework for students to do academic work related to specific conflict resolution skills training they have received through workshops sponsored by the Center for Extended Learning or the Certified Program in Conflict Management or other credible training organizations. Students will complete this additional academic work as a Directed Study supervised by Peace and Conflict Studies faculty. This course is offered on a credit/no credit basis. The course may be repeated once.

PACS 630 – Governance of Global Economy

A survey of the theoretical and public policy debates relating to regulation of the global economy, examined through case studies ranging from international banking an intellectual property rights, to labour and environmental standards and the control of illicit economic activity.

PACS 631 – Theories of Globalization

This course begins with examining discussions of the historical continuities and discontinuities in globalization, including the relationships between globalization, empires and imperialism. It then turns to focus on an interdisciplinary selection of theoretical writings on contemporary globalization. The course concludes with preliminary investigations of some particular topics in globalization studies: identity, gender and culture, structural adjustment and world economic institutions, global health, communal violence and gender, and resistance to globalization.

PACS 632 – Post-War Reconstruction and State Building

Rebuilding states in the aftermath of conflict and state failure represents one of the foremost challenges facing the international community. The post-Cold War era has shown that weak states represent as great a threat to international security and stability as strong ones. The transition from war to peace and state failure to stability in these states can be conceptualized as encompassing three separate but interrelated transitions, in the economic, political and security spheres. The course will deconstruct and analyze this triple transition, examine both its theoretical roots and practical application with reference to a number of recent case studies.

PACS 633 – Human Rights in the Globalized World

The course is a study of international and local responses to human rights abuses in the contexts of economic globalization and proliferation of armed violence. It examines major debates on international human rights. It also deals with specific human rights situations in the developing/transitional countries. Topics include: universalism and cultural relativism, global economic justice, rights to food and health, women's and children's rights, the rights of displaced civilians, human rights and R2P, prospects for transitional justice.

PACS 634 – Security Ontology-Theory

This is a seminar in the ontology of security. Security is a contested concept, and in this course we ask what it is and how best to pursue it. What do we mean by security? What are we trying to protect? From what? Why? How do we do it? We begin by considering the concept of security in the abstract, and we then proceed to explore various specific conceptions. Along the way we encounter both traditional and non-traditional approaches to security.

PACS 635 – Security Governance: Actors, Institutions, and Issues

In this course we examine a range of "security" issues on the global agenda - both traditional and non-traditional - and examine recent and possible future institutional and policy responses. Issues examined include nuclear proliferation, terrorism, intrastate conflict, resource and territorial disputes, climate change, drugs, disease, and migration. Students will have an opportunity to research in depth a specific security issue of their choice.

PACS 650 – Sustainable Cities

This course surveys the dominant trends in human settlement since the industrial revolution. Emphasis is placed on selected problems (e.g., provision of basic services such as water supply and sanitation, waste disposal, expanding ecological footprints) faced by cities of various sizes (from mid-sized to mega), the resources available to deal with them, and the new approached to sustainability.

PACS 651 – Economics for Sustainable Development

This course introduces students to the history, theories and practices of development economics. Select issues such as trade, (Public and private) capital flows, transnational corporations, technological change and innovation, agricultural and industrial policy and production, poverty and reduction, structural adjustment, etc. are treated, as are recent developments in globalization and global economic governance.

PACS 652 – Water and Security

The course will provide students with comprehensive background knowledge relevant to the increasingly important policy challenge of 'water security'. The course will explore how the multiple levels of water security - human, community, state, international, global - require broad but considered policy inputs. Emphasis will be placed on the interdependencies of difference sectors (climate security, food security, energy security) that interact within a 'web' of water security.

PACS 660 – Justice and Gender

Theories of justice are concerned with the distribution of the basic goods of society - money, power, status, leisure, and so on. One would expect that they would be of particular interest to feminist theory, which is also concerned with the distribution of these goods. This course will consider how the gender system fares from the standpoint of liberal justice, and to what extent the promises of liberal justice can be used to overturn the unequal treatment of women. The issues of equality and difference will also be explored.

PACS 661 – Ethnic Conflict and Conflict Resolution I

This course examines the causes of ethnic conflict but focuses in particular on the strategies which states use to manage or resolve such conflicts. The review of state strategies is comprehensive in nature, and includes approaches which are morally unacceptable as well as approaches which many consider morally desirable.

PACS 662 – Conflict and Conflict Resolution

A graduate level survey of theories of conflict resolution drawn from the international relations, comparative politics, and peace studies. Why do we have violent political conflict, and how can it be resolved? How and why do wars begin and end? This course focuses on political violence and conflict resolution between groups, including but not limited to states.

PACS 670 – War and Peace in Christian Thought

An examination of Christian teaching on war and peace from the early Church to the present, including the "just war" theories of Augustine, Aquinas, the Reformers and recent Catholic statements, as well as the pacifist views of Quakers, Mennonites and Brethren.

PACS 671 – The Bible and Peace

An examination of diverse biblical views of peace in relation to war, justice, and salvation with attention to their relevance for the contemporary quest for peace. Formerly MTS 576.

PACS 672 – Christianity's Encounter with Other Faiths

This course will examine several contemporary theological responses to the encounter of Christianity with other faiths. The meaning and dynamics of inter-religious dialogue and the resources within the Christian faith for such an encounter will be explored. Formerly MTS 657.